Part two of our weaving info blog posts, sees our in-house textile expert, Maya Vivian, explain the jargon involved with the loom process.
Dobby: Is a type of loom that is used to create simple fabrics that have a small repeating pattern. Every warp end is threaded through a heddle, which is in turn attached to a shaft. The number of shafts varies from loom to loom, but 4, 8 and 12 are common. Each shaft controls a set of warp ends, and is raised or lowered in a sequence that creates the pattern when the weft is woven. The types of patterns that can be produced are limited to those with a small repeats and simple structures. They are great at producing plains and stripes. Some of Four Families fabrics that are woven on a Dobby loom are Atlanta, Dublin, Eclipse and Zaru.
Jacquard: Is a type of loom that can produce more complex patterns and weave structures. Like on a Dobby loom, every warp end is threaded through a heddle. The difference being that each individual heddle can be controlled separately, enabling much more variety in the type of patterns that can be produced. Some of Four Families fabrics that are woven on a Jacquard loom are Fed Square, Cumulus and Cirrus.